Standard data classification include the following categories:

  • Public information. Data in this category is typically maintained by state institutions and subject to disclosure of public data as part of certain laws.
  • Confidential information. This data may have legal restrictions about the way it is handled, or there may be other consequences around the way confidential data is handled.
  • Sensitive information. This data is any information stored or handled by state or other institutions that have authorization requirements and other rules around its use.
  • Personal information. Generally, personal information or PII is protected by law and must be handled following certain protocols. Sometimes there are gaps between the moral requirements and contemporary legislative protections for their use.