Systematic classification of data helps organizations manipulate, track and analyze individual pieces of data. Data professionals typically have a specific goal when categorizing data. The goal affects the approach they take and the classification levels they use.
Some common business objectives for these projects include the following:
Confidentiality. A classification system safeguards highly sensitive data, such as customers’ personally identifiable information (PII), including credit card numbers, Social Security numbers, and other vulnerable data types. Establishing a classification system helps an organization focus on confidentiality and security policy requirements, such as user permissions and encryption.
Data integrity. A system that focuses on data integrity will require more storage, user permissions, and proper channels of access.
Data availability. Addressing and ensuring information security and integrity makes it easier to know what data can be shared with specific users.